Frontend and Backend Development

Why you should know about Frontend and Backend Development?

Last updated on November 29th, 2023 at 04:37 pm

The frontend is a public part of a web app or a website page users can deal with. It is a public aspect of a site that can be seen by all web page visitors. Frontend involves the display of functional tasks, the user interface performed on the client-side, as well as the processing of user requests.

The web application is a client-server platform in which the client serves as a browser and the web server as a server. All the data is stored mainly on the server and the information exchange is done through the network. All in all, the frontend component of a website is something you see every time you open a browser or a page. Frontend development is the art of creating a public part of a web application. It includes the user interface and website functionality.

To put it simply, the front-end developer works to ensure that each button, icon, text, and window on the website page is not only situated where they had to be, doesn’t overlap each other, and looks visually attractive but also fulfills the defined functions. However, to build a successful and popular web application a frontend developer must cooperate with a range of specialists including designers, analysts, programmers, marketing specialists, etc.

The components of frontend development


HTML describes the structure and content of a webpage. It’s the fundamental language behind the unlimited number of web pages you visit on the internet. Be it a simple webpage or a complex website with advanced functionalities, HTML is everywhere. It is generally a markup language that includes tags that are used to specify how content appears on the digital platform. In common words, it is the markup language. It is used for all elements and documents on the page and their interaction with the page structure.


CSS refers to a cascading style sheet that is used to enhance digital content on web pages or websites. CSS defines the visual appearance of web pages, enabling a web developer to create a catchy and visually appealing layout and content. It is a formal language for describing the appearance of a document written with the help of HTML. With the help of CSS code, the browser understands exactly how the elements should be displayed. It creates colors and fonts, determines the location of site blocks, and many other aspects. CSS also enables the representation of one document in different styles.


JavaScript is a scripting language that empowers developers to implement interactive elements in billions of websites. For example; animated texts, creating a slider, hiding and showing content on websites, changing the content, color, and other details, and many interactive things in a web page. It is a programming tool aimed at making web pages alive. It aims at making a website respond to the button’s clicks. JavaScript also allows typing messages, sending requests to the server, and uploading information without reloading the page, etc.

What is backend development?

As the name indicates backend development means takes place behind the scenes. It is also called server-side language. Every day you visit several websites. Have you ever thought about where the data comes to the computer screen? How does the browser get the data? Where is the data stored?

The data or details you send or receive are stored somewhere else called a server. The backend development enables browsers to communicate with the server. It happens behind the scenes therefore it is referred to as back-end or server-side development.

Backend development – is an area of web programming where the principal objective of which is the creation of algorithms, calculations, and integrations of IT systems within the website.

A backend specialist is a programmer who manages the internal elements of a website that users can’t see.

The back-end developer builds components and functions that users see on the interface of a site. Simply put, backend specialists are programmers who develop everything that the user doesn’t see and doesn’t directly use.

The representatives of this profession must also master backend hardware, database architecture, and the capabilities and peculiarities of the server.

By applying to a back-end development company you won’t create an attractive image or entertaining elements. Back-end developers generally don’t deal with anything that directly interacts with the user. They barely understand UI and UX notions.

Backend developers are responsible for precise assessment and calculations. They don’t have to be creative, but accurate. Apart from this, they must have strong analytical skills to predict all possible outcomes of operations.

The responsibilities of a backend developer:

Make sure all the operations and features of the web platform and its computational logic run correctly.

  • Organization and work with databases using a DBMS.
  • Development of basic logic and application algorithms.
  • API.
  • Necessary integration with external services.
  • Conducting testing and debugging of the application and particular components.

As you can see, the requirements for the backend and frontend developers are different. Everyone has a particular scope of responsibilities. However, there are also full-stack specialists.

Fullstack developers deal with both aspects of website development equally well. Fullstack developers can comfortably work with both the database and the browser. Fullstack developers are extremely popular among employers and get competitive salaries.

Final thoughts

To create a fully functional web page with advanced functionalities, you need to know about both the backend and front-end development. The backend occurs behind the screen thus not affecting the visual appearance of a webpage whole front-end takes place on the screen which means it affects the visual appearance of content or the website.

Web development is much more complicated than it may seem. When people visit a web page they can’t even imagine how many people have worked on it. Now you know the difference between frontend and backend development, and the responsibilities and tasks these specialists do. This information is essential for those who are thinking about forming a development team and those who want to start a career in the IT sector.

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